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Hepatitis means inflammation of the Liver. There are several viruses that cause hepatitis. The most common ones are hepatitis A, B, C. the main differences between the viruses are how they are transmitted and the effects they have on your health. Most people recover from hepatitis A with no lasting liver damage, But hepatitis B and C can cause long term diseases and even liver cancer in some people. However, you may not know that you have been infected as in many cases there are no early warning symptoms until liver damage is advanced.
 
Hepatitis A                   YOU COULD BECOME INFECTED BY:
 
·        In any Country-where hygiene and sewage treatment standards are poor.
 
·        In any Country-from eating raw and inadequate cooked food prepared by an infected person with poor personal hygiene.
 
·        From salads and fruit washed in contaminated water.
 
·        From sexual activities which involve oral / faecal contact such as rimming.
 
                                     YOU CAN PROTECT YOURSELF BY:
 
·        By being vaccinated against hepatitis A before visiting all countries where sanitation is poor, particularly southern and Eastern Europe, Africa, Middle and Far East.
 
·        By being vaccinated if you work in a high risk occupation such as sewage treatment.
 
·        By avoiding inadequately cooked shellfish, raw salads, fruit, tap water, ice cubes, and unpasteurised milk in high-risk countries.
 
·        By vaccination if your sexual practices might put you at risk.
 
 
 
Hepatitis B                   YOU COULD BECOME INFECTED BY:
 
·        From having sexual intercourse without a condom.
 
·        By sharing any injecting equipment including syringes, needles, filters and water.
 
·        From infected blood, i.e. through an open wound or sore, from a needle-stick injury, sharing razors, toothbrushes or scissors.
 
·        Through any other infected secretions such as semen, vaginal fluid, and saliva, particularly if contaminated with blood.
 
                                    YOU CAN PROTECT YOURSELF BY: 
 
·        By being vaccinated against hepatitis B if you practice high-risk activities, i.e. if you inject drugs, or you are a health care worker.
 
·        By having safer sex – use a condom. 
 
·        By not sharing any injecting equipment including syringes, needles, filters and water. 
 
·        By preventing blood or other bodily fluids from getting into your body.
 
 
 
Hepatitis C                  YOU COULD BECOME INFECTED BY:
 
·        By sharing any injecting equipment including syringes, needles, filters and water.
 
·        From infected blood, i.e. through an open wound, or sore from a needle-stick injury, sharing razors, toothbrushes or scissors.
 
·        From having sexual intercourse without a condom, although the risk is thought to be low.
 
·        From blood transfusions and blood products given before screening for Hepatitis C began in the UK in September 1991.
         
 
                                           YOU CAN PROTECT YOURSELF BY:
 
·        By not sharing any injecting equipment including syringes, needles, filters and water.
 
·        By not sharing personal items such as razors, toothbrushes or scissors where dried blood may be present.
 
·        By ensuring sterile needles are used for injecting, acupuncture, tattooing and body piercing.
 
·        By having safer sex – use a condom.

 

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